Promoting Students' Spontaneous Use of Diagrams in Problems Solving and Communication

Guest Speaker:
Prof Emmanuel Manalo (Kyoto University, Japan)
Dr Beth Law (School of Psychology, University of Reading Malaysia)
Subject Area:
Date & Time:
Wed, 1. March 2017, 13:00 h - 14:00 h
N3.24, University of Reading Malaysia - EduCity@Iskandar​

The ability to use multiple representations - including diagrams - is considered to be one of the important skills that education needs to cultivate in learners in the 21st Century. Research findings have shown that using diagrams in both problem solving and communication is efficacious, but that the majority of students lack spontaneity in such use (i.e., they do not use diagrams unless their teacher or someone else tells them to do so). In this presentation, I will review research we have conducted for over a decade in this topic area - focusing particularly on our findings about the reasons for the lack of spontaneity and the strategies that can be used to promote the desired spontaneity.


Emmanuel Manalo is a tenured full professor at the Graduate School of Education of Kyoto University in Kyoto, Japan. He completed his Bachelor of Science and Master of Science degrees from the University of Auckland, and his PhD in Psychology from Massey University in New Zealand. Prior to moving to Kyoto, Emmanuel was Associate Professor and Director of the Student Learning Center at the University of Auckland. In 2010, Emmanuel moved to Waseda University in Tokyo, Japan in order to take up a position as Professor at the Center for English Language Education in Science and Engineering. In October 2014, Emmanuel moved to take up his current position as Professor at the Graduate School of Education of Kyoto University. He teaches undergraduate and postgraduate courses in education studies, educational psychology, and academic communication skills development. He also supervises graduation thesis and graduate student research.

Emmanuel’s research interest concerns the development of effective teaching and learning strategies, including the use of diagrams in communication and problem solving, the application of critical thinking to information evaluation, and variations in the cognitive cost involved in the use of different learning strategies. He has over 100 academic publications, and is currently an Academic Editor (in education) of the journal, PLOS ONE.

  • Admission is free.​
  • Tea break will be served at 2:00 pm.
  • UoRM staff RSVP by responding to the internal event invitation.
  • All are welcome, RSVP by 24 February 2017.

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